Wondering about where is Everest, how high is Mount Everest, how did Everest get its name, how much does it cost to climb Mount Everest? Here we have come with all the answers you are looking for.
Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world and it rises 8,848 meters or 29,029 feet above sea level and it stands exactly at the border of Nepal and Tibet. It is located on the Mahalangur range of the great Himalayas of Nepal which is the home to four of the six highest peaks in the world.
According to a survey of 2005 done by China’s National Surveying and mapping Administration; the exact location of Mount Everest is (27°59’ North latitude, 86°55’ East longitudes). As mentioned above that mount Everest stands exactly at the border of Nepal and Tibet. On the Nepal side mount Everest is located in the Sagarmatha National Park of Solukhumbu district and in Tibet side it is located Tingri County in the Xigaze area. Mount Everest is not only famous for its hight but it is also popular for its amazing topographical structure and geographical composition.
The mountain "Peak XV" was officially renamed in 1965 as Everest by the Royal Geographical Society in 1965. Despite the mountain already being called Peak XV, the British decided to name it after Colonel George Everest although he was always rather embarrassed by the honour. Sir George Everest was the Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843 and he is the one who first recorded the location of Everest. Mount Everest still known in Nepali as Sagarmatha and in Tibetan as Chomolungma.
The most surveyors put Mount Everest’s elevation at 8,850 meters (29,029) feet. An Italian team found the elevation to be 29,022 feet and a Chinese team determined the elevation to be 29,017 feet, but has since rescinded that measurement. Anyway the official height of the mount Everest is 29,029 feet (8,848m).
The A U.S. survey recognized by National Geographic has determined the height to be 6 feet taller, 29,035 feet, but the Nepali government has not yet been made this new altitude official.
The approximate elevations of each of the camps are:
Base Camp - 17,500ft (5,400m)
Camp 1 - 20,000ft (6,100m)
Camp 2 - 21,300ft (6,500m)
Camp 3 - 24,000ft (7,400m)
Camp 4 - 26,000ft (8,000m)
Summit - 29,035ft (8,850)
Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and his Nepalese Sherpa Tenzing Norgay were the first to reach the summit via the Southeast Ridge Route on May 29, 1953, at around 11:30 am.
Apa Sherpa had reached the summit 21 times by 2011; he now lives in Utah. American Dave Hahn holds the record number of successful attempts for a non-Sherpa; he reached the summit for his 15th time in 2015.
Jordan Romero - a 13-year-old boy from California - set the record for being the youngest to climb Mount Everest on May 22, 2010.
The 8,848m summit of Mount Everest – known as Sagarmatha in Nepal or Chomolungma in Tibet, both meaning ‘Goddess of the Sky’ – is a mega draw for adventurers of all kinds.
With so many summits, these days everyone wants to bag a ‘first’ on top of the world, so the list of achievements up there is starting to become more and more bizarre. This has included one person climbing in shorts, another going topless and one couple getting married there. Here we take a look at the stories behind some of the most amazing Everest moments that made the record books.
First female ascent: Twenty-two years after the first ascent, Japan’s Junko Tabei became the first woman to reach the top as part of an all-female team taking the same route as Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing.
Amazingly, she was buried unconscious for six minutes in an avalanche during the climb but was pulled out alive and continued on up to the top. She went on to become the first woman to climb the Seven Summits – the highest peak on each continent.
Most times at the top: Reaching the top once is incredible – but three men have each summited 21 times. Apa Sherpa was the first in 2011 and Phurba Tashi Sherpa and Kami Rita Sherpa joined him on 21 in 2013. Dave Hahn has the most summits for someone who isn't from Nepal – the American mountain guide hit the top for the 15th time in 2013.
Fastest up: The climb from base camp to the summit – a vertical ascent of almost 3.5km - is rarely attempted in one go as most climbers go up and down between different camps to acclimatise before the final push.
In total, the entire route would take a fit and acclimatised person about 34-38 hours, with four six-hour legs from basecamp to Camp 1, Camp 1 to 2, 2 to 3 and 3 to 4, with plenty of stops in between, and then a final summit ascent of 10-14 hours.
But in 2004, Pemba Dorje Sherpa did it in one single run and took just 8hrs 10mins from base camp to summit. Last year, Kilian Jornet climbed from base camp without fixed ropes or extra oxygen in 26 hours.
Meditation: Most summiters only stay for a few minutes. But Neplal’s Bhakta Kumar Rai – also known as ‘Supreme Master Godangel’ of the Heavenly Path sect – spent 32 hours on the top in 2011, 27 of which were in meditation and 11 without any artificial oxygen.
In 2011, British mountaineer Kenton Cool sent the first summit ‘tweet’ as part of a marketing campaign. On his Twitter account, he wrote, “Everest summit no 9! 1st tweet from the top of the world thanks to a weak 3G signal.”
Spaceman summit: Not content with five shuttle missions and 47 hours of spacewalks, American Scott Parazynski became the only astronaut to reach the summit in 2009, on his third attempt. “It’s an apples-to-oranges comparison,” he said after. “I’d never trade either.”
Oldest: Yuichiro Miura of Japan became the oldest summiter in 2013 aged 80 – four months after having heart surgery. But he was so tired he had to be airlifted from 6,500m to basecamp. In 1970, he became the first to ski on Everest and he plans to summit again at 90 in 2022 if he’s still alive. Japan’s Tamae Watanabe set the record for the oldest woman to summit aged 73 in 2012.
Youngest: At the opposite end of the scale, American mountain climber Jordan Romero became the youngest person to reach the top aged just 13 years and 10 months in 2010. In 2014, Poorna Malavath of India became the youngest female to summit – she was just one month older at 13 years and 11 months.
The first woman to climb Everest was Junko Tabei of Japan. She climbed via the Southeast Ridge on 16 May, 1975.
Appa Sherpa has made the most successful ascents of Everest. He has reached the top 11 times.
On May 8, 1978, Peter Habeler of Austria and Reinhold Messner of Italy climbed made the first ascent without bottled oxygen via the Southeast Ridge.
Ang Rita Sherpa has reached the summit 10 times, all without oxygen.
Reinhold Messner climbed for 3 days completely alone from his base camp at 6,500m without the use of artificial O2. Messner climbed via the North Col to the North Face and the Great Couloir.
Babu Chiri Sherpa set the speed record from the Nepal side.
Davo Karnicar made the first true ski descent.
At age 16 Temba Tsheri Sherpa become the youngest person to Summit Everest in 2001.
American Sherman Bull, at age 64, is the oldest person to summit Mount Everest, also in 2001.
Anna Czerwinska was born on 7/10/49 and climbed Everest from Nepal side, making her the oldest woman to reach the summit.
On 24 May, 1996, Hans Kammerlander of Italy Hans made the fastest ascent of Everest via the standard North Col-North Ridge-North Face. He left base camp at 6,400m on 23 May at 5pm and was on the summit 16 hours, 45 minutes later at 9:45 am the next day. He descended most of the route on skis.
Andrej & Marija Stremfelj of Slovenia were the first married couple to summit together on 7 October, 1990.
Peter Hillary of New Zealand was the first son of a summiteer to reach the summit on 10 May, 1990.
First Ascent by an American was made by James Whittaker via the Southeast Ridge Route on May 1, 1963. Whittaker summitted with Sherpa Nawang Gombu.
Stacey Allison made the first Ascent by an American Woman via the Southeast Ridge Route on 29 September, 1988.
Mexican climber Ricardo Torres was the first Latin American.
In May, 2001, American Erik Weihenmayer becomes the first blind person to summit Everest.
May 23, 2003, Gary Guller became the first person with one arm to reach the summit of Everest.